Until the very end of Romans chapter 1, Paul’s use of “all” was mostly positive. Then he turns to the darker use by referring to ALL the godlessness and EVERY kind of wickedness… This dark theme is continued in chapters 2-5 until the very end of chapter 5. Chapter 2 tells us that “God will give to EACH person according to what he has done” (vs 6) and “there will be trouble and distress for EVERY human being who does evil… but glory, honor and peace for EVERYONE who does good.” (vs 9) Finally in 2: 12 Paul says “ALL who sin apart from the law will perish apart from the law and ALL who sin under the law will be judged by the law.”
Chapter 3 shifts to the synonym “no one”: in vs 10-12 NO ONE is righteous, NO ONE understands, NO ONE seeks God. ALL have turned away and there is NO ONE who does good. Vs 20 says NO ONE will be declared righteous in His sight…Then a more positive shift in verses 22-23 “This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to ALL who believe. There is no difference, for ALL have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.”
Chapter 5 explains that sin entered the world through one man and death came to ALL men, because ALL sinned. But vs 18 corrects that by saying that the result of one trespass was condemnation for ALL men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for ALL men.”
So far we have only looked at five chapters of Romans but we see that Paul has no issues using the word all and its synonyms. We’ll continue to see that throughout the remainder of the book.